The following sections reference material from: Scott, J. L., & Sarkees-Wircenski, M. (2004). Overview of Career and Technical Education (3rd ed.). Homewood, IL: American Technical.
Career and Technical Education (CTE) instruction aims at developing foundational skills, core workplace competencies, and specific skill competencies in various occupational areas. Internships, practicums, cooperative education, school-based enterprises, dual enrollment programs, and apprenticeships are a few venues that deliver career and technical education by providing meaningful opportunities for learners to apply their academic and technical skills.
The 16 clusters identified by the U.S. Department of Education in 2000 classify workforce preparation programs that are obtained through career and technical education in the following:
- Agriculture, Food and Natural Resources *
- Architecture and Construction
- Arts, A/V Technology and Communications
- Business Management and Administration
- Education and Training *
- Government and Public Administration
- Health Science
- Hospitality and Tourism *
- Human Services *
- Information Technology
- Law, Public Safety, Corrections and Security
- Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM)
- Transportation, Distribution and Logistics *
(link is external) * = External cluster not hosted by UNT (this website)
U.S. Department of Education. Office of Vocational and Adult Education. Career and Technical Student Organizations. Retrieved February 18, 2009, from
U.S. Department of Education. Office of Vocational and Adult Education.
Carl D. Perkins Vocational and Technical Education Act of 1998 (Perkins III). Retrieved February 3, 2009 from